Romell J,Jie VW, Miettinen A, Baird E, Hertz HM 2021 Laboratory phase-contrast 

nanotomography of unstained Bombus terrestris compound eyes in J Microsc doi:

Baird E*, Boeddeker N, Srinivasan MV 2021 The effect of optic flow cues on honeybee flight control in wind Proc R Soc B 288:20203051 doi: 10.1098/rspb.2020.3051

* author for correspondence


Dacke M, el Jundi B, Gagnon Y, Yilmaz A, Byrne M, Baird E* 2020 A dung beetle that path integrates without the use of landmarks Anim Cogn doi: 10.1007/s10071-020-01426-8
* senior author and author for correspondence

Ticiht P, Alves-dos-Santos I, Dacke M, Baird E* 2020 Accelerated landings in stingless bees are triggered by visual threshold cues Biol Lett doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2020.0437
* senior author

Dacke M, Baird E, el Jundi B, Warrant E, Byrne M 2020 How dung beetles steer straight Ann Rev Entomol doi: 10.1146/annurev-ento-042020-102149


Baird E*, Tichit P, Guiraud M 2020 The neuroecology of bee flight behaviours Curr Op Ins Sci doi: 10.1016/j.cois.2020.07.005

*senior author and author for correspondence


Baird E 2020 Obstacle avoidance in bumblebees is robust to changes in light intensity Anim Cogn doi: 10.1007/s10071-020-01421-z

Dominoni DM, Halfwerk W, Baird E, Buxton R, Fernandez-Jurcic E, Fristrup K, McKenna M, Mennitt D, Perkin E, Seymoure BM, Stoner DC, Tennessen J, Toth CA, Tyrell LP, Wilson A, Francis CD, Carter NH, Barber J 2020 What conservation biology can benefit from sensory ecology Nat Ecol Evol doi: 10.1038/s41559-020-1135-4


Tichit P, Alves dos Santos I, Dacke M, Baird E* 2020 Accelerated landing in a stingless bee and its unexpected benefits for traffic congestion Proc Roy Soc B 287 doi: 10.1098/rspb.2019.2720

*senior author


Taylor G, Hall S, Gren J, Baird E* 2020 Exploring the visual world of fossilized and modern fungus gnat eyes (Diptera: Keroplatidae) with X-ray microtomography J Roy Soc Int  17:20170750 doi:10.1098/rrsif.2019.0750

*senior author and author for correspondence

Leung B, Bijma J, Baird E, Dacke M, Gorb S, Manoonpong P 2020 Rules for the leg coordination of dung beetle ball rolling behaviour Sci Rep 10


Taylor G, Tichit P, Schmidt M, Bodey A, Rau C, Baird E* 2019 Bumblebee visual allometry results in locally improved resolution and globally improved sensitivity eLife 8:e40613 doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2019.02.008

*senior author


Lecoeur J, Dacke M, Floreano D*, Baird E* 2019 The role of optic flow pooling in insect flight control in cluttered environments Sci Rep 9:7707 doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-44187-2

*co-senior author


Dacke M, Bell ATA, Foster JJ, Baird E, Strube-Bloss MF, Byrne M, el Jundi B 2019 Multimodal cue integration in the dung beetle compass PNAS 1904308116 doi: 10.1073/pnas.1904308116


Khaldy L, Tocco C, Byrne M, Baird E, Dacke M 2019 Straight-line orientation in the woodland-living beetle Sisyphus fasciculatus J Comp Physiol A doi: 10.1007/s00359-019-01331-7


Wilby D, Aarts T, Tichit P, Bodey A, Rau C, Taylor G*, Baird E* 2019 Using micro-CT techniques to explore the role of sex and hair in the functional morphology of bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) ocelli Vis Res 158:100-108 doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2019.02.008

*co-senior author


el Jundi B, Baird E, Byrne M, Dacke M 2019 The brain behind straight-line orientation in dung beetles J Exp Biol 222:jeb192450 doi: 10.1242/jeb.192450


Foster J, Kirwan J, el Jundi B, Smolka J, Khaldy L, Baird E, Byrne M, Nilsson D-E, Johnsen S, Dacke M. 2019 Orienting to polarized light at night–matching lunar skylight to performance in a nocturnal beetle J Exp Biol 222:jeb188532 doi: 10.1242/jeb.188532


J Ignasov, A Kapilavai, K Filonenko, JC Larsen, E Baird, J Hallam, S Büsse, A Kovalev, S Gorb, L Duggen, P Manoonpong 2019 Bio-inspired design and movement generation of dung beetle-like legs Artificial Life and Robotics 23:555-563


Chakravarthi A, Rajus S, Kelber A, Dacke M, Baird E* 2018 Differences in spatial resolution and contrast sensitivity of flight control in the honeybees Apis cerana and Apis mellifera J Exp Biol 221:184267 2018 doi: 10.1242/jeb.184267

*senior author and author for correspondence


Thor M, Strøm-Hansen, Larsen L, Kovalev A, Gorb S, Baird E, Manoonpong P. 2018 A dung beetle-inspired robotic model and its distributed sensor-driven control for walking and ball-rolling Artificial Life and Robotics doi: 10.1007/s10015-018-0456-8


Linander N, Dacke M, Baird E, Hempel de Ibarra N. 2018 The role of spatial texture in visual control of bumblebee learning flights J Comp Physiol A 204:737 doi: 10.1007/s00359-018-1274-0


Lecoeur J, Baird E*, Floreano D. 2018 Spatial encoding of translational optic flow in planar scenes by elementary motion detector arrays Sci Rep 5821 doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-24162-z


Chakravarthi A, Kelber A, Baird E, Dacke M. 2017 High contrast sensitivity for visually guided flight control in bumblebees J Comp Physiol A 203:999 doi: 10.1007/s00359-017-1212-6


Linander N, Baird E*, Dacke M* 2017 How bumblebees use lateral and ventral optic flow cues for position control in environments of different proximity J Comp Physiol A  203:343 doi: 10.1007/s00359-017-1173-9

*co-senior author


Reber T, Dacke M, Baird E* 2016 Bumblebees perform well-controlled landings in dim light Front Behav Neurosci 10:174 doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00174

*senior author


Taylor G, Ribi W, Bech M, Rau C, Bodey A, Steuwer A, Warrant E, Baird E* 2016 The dual function of orchid bee ocelli as revealed by x-ray microtomography Curr Biol 26:1319-24 doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2016.03.038

*senior author


Baird E* & Dacke M 2016 Finding the gap: A brightness-based strategy for guidance in cluttered environments Proc Roy Soc B 283:20152988 doi: 10.1098/rspb.2015.2988

*senior author and author for correspondence


el Jundi B, Foster J, Khaldy L, Byrne M, Dacke M, Baird E* 2016 A snapshot-based mechanism for celestial orientation Curr Biol 26:1456-62 doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2016.03.030

*senior author


Linander N, Baird E*, Dacke M 2016 Bumblebee flight performance in environments of different proximity J Comp Physiol A 202:97-103 doi: 10.1007/s00359-015-1055-y

*co-senior author and author for correspondence


Smolka J, Baird E, el Jundi B, Reber T, Byrne M, Dacke M 2016 Night-sky orientation with diurnal and nocturnal eyes: dim-light adaptations are critical when the moon is out of sight Anim Behav 111:127-46 doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2015.10.005


Chakravarthi A, Baird E, Dacke M, Kelber A 2016 Spatial vision in Bombus terrestris Front Behav Neurosci 10:17 doi: 103389/fnbeh.2016.00017


Reber T, Baird E, Dacke M. 2016 The final moments of landing in bumblebees, Bombus terrestris J Comp Physiol A 202:277-85 doi 10.1007/s00359-016-1073-4


el Jundi, B, Warrant, EJ, Byrne M, Khaldy L, Baird E, Smolka J, Dacke M 2015 Neural coding underlying the cue preference for celestial orientation. PNAS 112:11395-11400 doi: 10.1073/pnas.1501272112


Linander N, Dacke M, Baird E* 2015 Bumblebees measure optic flow for position and speed control flexibly within the frontal visual field. J Exp Biol 218:1051-1059 doi: 10.1242/jeb.107409

*senior author


Baird E*, Fernandez D, Wcislo W, Warrant E 2015 Flight control and landing precision in the nocturnal bee Megalopta is robust to large changes in light intensity Front Physiol 6:305 doi: 10.3389/fphys.2015.00305

*lead author and author for correspondence


Reber T, Vähäkainu A, Baird E, Weckström M, Warrant E, Dacke M 2015 Effect of light intensity on flight control and temporal properties of photoreceptors in bumblebees. J Exp Biol 218:1339-1346 doi: 10.1242/jeb.113886


el Jundi B, Foster JJ, Byrne MJ, Baird E, Dacke M 2015 Spectral information as an orientation cue in dung beetles. Biol Lett 11:20150656 doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2015.0656


Scholtyssek C, Dacke M, Baird E* 2014 Control of self-motion in dynamic fluids, fish do it differently from bees. Biol Lett 10:20140279 doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0279

*senior author


el Jundi B, Smolka J, Baird E, Byrne M, Dacke M 2014 Diurnal dung beetles use the intensity gradient and the polarization pattern of the sky for orientation. J Exp Biol 217:2422-2429 doi: 10.1242/jeb.101154


Dacke M, El Jundi B, Smolka J, Byrne M, Baird E* 2014 The role of the sun in the celestial compass of dung beetles. Phil Trans R Soc 369:20130036 doi: 10.1098/rstb.2013.0036

*senior author and author for correspondence


Baird E*, Boeddeker N, Ibbotson MR, Srinivasan MV 2013 A universal strategy for visually guided landing. PNAS 110:18686-18691 doi: 10.1073/pnas.1314311110

*lead author and author for correspondence


Dacke M, Baird E, Byrne M, Scholtz C, Warrant E 2013 Dung beetles use the Milky Way for orientation. Current Biology 23:298-300 doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2012.12.034


Dacke M, Byrne M, Smolka J, Warrant E, Baird E* 2013 Dung beetles ignore landmarks for straight-line orientation. J Comp Physiol A 199:17-23 doi: 10.1007/s00359-012-0764-8

*senior author and author for correspondence


Smolka J, Baird E, Byrne M, el Jundi B, Warrant E, Dacke M 2012 Dung beetles use their dung ball as a mobile thermal refuge. Curr Biol 22:R864 doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2012.08.057


Baird E*, Dacke M 2012 Visual flight control in naturalistic and artificial environments. J Comp Physiol A 198:869-876 doi: 10.1007/s00359-012-0757-7

*lead author and author for correspondence


Baird E*, Byrne M, Smolka J, Warrant E, Dacke M. 2012 The dung beetle dance: An orientation behaviour? PLoS one 7:e30211 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0030211

*lead author and author for correspondence


Johansson CJ, Engel S, Baird E, Dacke M, Muijres FT, Hedenström A. 2012 Elytra boost lift, but reduce aerodynamic efficiency in flying beetles. J R Soc Interface 9:2745-2748 doi: 10.1098/rsif.2012.0053


Baird E*, Kreiss E, Wcislo W, Warrant E, Dacke M. 2011 Nocturnal insects use optic flow for flight control. Biol Lett 7:499-501 doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2010.1205

*lead author and author for correspondence


Kelber A, Jonsson F, Wallén R, Warrant E, Kornfeldt T, Baird E 2011 Hornets can fly at night without obvious adaptations of eyes and ocelli. PLoS one 6:e21892 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0021892


Dacke M, Byrne M, Baird E, Scholtz C, Warrant E 2011 How dim is dim? Precision of the celestial compass in moonlight and sunlight. Phil Trans R Soc B 366, 697-702 doi: 10.1098/rstb.2010.0191


Baird E*, Kornfeldt T, Dacke M 2010 Minimum viewing angle for visually guided ground speed control in bumblebees. J Exp Biol 213:1625-1632 doi: 10.1242/jeb.038802

*lead author and author for correspondence


Baird E*, Byrne M, Scholtz C, Warrant E, Dacke M 2010 Bearing selection in ball-rolling dung beetles: Is it constant? J Comp Physiol A 196:801-806 doi: 10.1007/s00359-010-0559-8

*lead author and author for correspondence


Dittmar L, Stürzl W, Baird E, Böddeker N, Egelhaaf M 2010 Goal seeking in honeybees: matching of optic flow snapshots? J Exp Biol 213:2913-2923 doi: 10.1242/jeb.043737


Veeraraghavan A, Srinivasan M, Chellappa R, Baird E, Lamont R. 2006 Motion based correspondence for 3D tracking of multiple dim objects. ICASSP 2006, IEEE: II, 669-672 doi: 10.1109/ICASSP.2006.1660431


Baird E*, Srinivasan M, Zhang S, Lamont R, Cowling A. 2006 Visual control of flight speed and height in the honeybee. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Eds. Nolfi, S. et al.), 4095:40-51 doi: 10.1007/11840541_4

*lead author and author for correspondence


Baird E*, Srinivasan M, Zhang S, Cowling A 2005 Visual control of flight speed in honeybees. J Exp Biol 208:3895-3905 doi: 10.1242/jeb.01818

*lead author and author for correspondence


Other articles


Baird E*, Taylor G 2017 X-ray micro computed-tomography Curr Biol 27:R289-R291 doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.01.066

*senior author


Baird E, 2017 What does a bee see? Elucidating the visual world of bees using x-ray microtomography Diamond Light Source Annual Report 2016/17